Diwali/Deepawali- Diwali is also known as “Festival of Light”. It is 5 days long festival, which starts from Dhanteras and ends on Bhai Dooj. It is not just the festive mood in the air that makes you happy, or just that it’s a good time to enjoy before the advent of winter. With the help of this post, we will understand the meaning of the Diwali festival and the reason why Diwali is celebrated.
Meaning of Diwali
The five days long festival originated in the Indian Subcontinent and Diwali word has been taken from the Sanskrit Language. It is derived from the Sanskrit word “Deepavali”, meaning “series of lighted lamps” hence it is known as the festival of lamps.
Why Diwali is celebrated- Reason to celebrate Diwali
Mythological reason for celebrating Diwali- Why Diwali is celebrated
Diwali is celebrated all over the world as a festival of lights where everywhere is illuminated with lights and diyas. Everyone is celebrated Diwali, but do you know why Diwali is celebrated.
There are many mythical and historical reasons why Diwali is a great time to celebrate, some of them are presented here.
Return of Lord Rama- According to the great Epic ‘Ramayana’, it was the new moon day of Kartik when Lord Rama, Maa Sita, and Lord Rama’s brother return to Ayodhya after slaying Ravana and return back from his 14 years of exile. This day is celebrated in triumph over his victory.
The Killing of Narakasura- Narakasura, the demon who had stolen Indra’s mother’s earring and crown. He asked Lord Krishana to rescue him from his torture. In response, Krishana rescued 16,000 women from his captivity and Lord Krishana killed the demon king Narakasur and bring back the lost earrings and the crown. This is celebrated the victory over bad by good.
Goddess Lakshmi’s Birthday- As you were already aware that, the Goddess of wealth and the consort of the God Vishnu is Lakshmi. According to the mythology, she was first incarnated on the new moon day (i.e. Amavasya) of the Kartik month during the churning of the ocean (Samundra-Manthan). This Day also celebrated as the birthday of Goddess Lakshmi, who is also the most popular of Goddess and thus strongly associated with Diwali. This is another reason, why Diwali is celebrated.
Churning of the ocean- We all are well aware of the churning of the ocean, where Lord Vishnu took kurma or tortoise avatar and took the Mandar mountain on his back. With the help of Vasuki, the ocean was churned by devas having the tail of the snake and asuras having the mouth of snake facing them leaving poisonous venom. On churning the ocean a lot of things came out of it namely parijat tree, the moon, paras stone, kamadenu, iravati, halahal (poison drunk by Lord shiva), dhanavantri (who is known as Lord of medicine- In his name dhanteras is celebrated), goddess Lakshmi.
The Return of Pandavas- According to the great Epic ‘Mahabharata’, it was the day of Karthik Amavasya when 5 brothers Yudhishthira, Bhima, Arjun, Nakula, Sahadeva i.e. five Pandavas appeared from there 12 years of banishment as the result of there defeat in the game of dice (gambling). To celebrate the joys of the occasion of their return to Hastinapur and to welcome back the Pandavas, common people of Hastinapur illuminated their state by lighting bright earthen lamps everywhere and the same tradition is maintained on this day.
Religion reason for the celebration of Diwali- Why Diwali is celebrated
Hindu New Year day- The day, Diwali is also Hindu New Year day. On this day, in some part of the country, Hindu businessmen offer Pujas, start new books of accounts and pay all his debts to start afresh, a good enough reason alone to indulge in the festivities.
A special day for Sikhs- Diwali is also a special day for the Sikhs. The reason being that 3rd Sikh Guru Amar Das institutionalized the festivals of lights as an occasion when all Sikhs would gather to receive the Guru’s blessing.
A Special day for Aryasamaj- It was the new moon day of (Kartik), when Swami Vivekanand Saraswati, one of the greatest informers of Hinduism attained his nirvana and become Maharshi Dayanand, meaning the great sage Dayanand. In 1875, Maharshi Dayanand also found the Arya Samaj, ” Society of Nobles”. It becomes associated with the era of Diwali and every Diwali, this great reformer is remembered by Hindus all over India.
A Special day for Jains- Mahavir Tirthankar, the founder of modern Jainism also attained his Nirvana on Diwali Day. Mahavira left his family and forget his royal life to become an ascetic, undertaking fasting and bodily mortifications. At the age of 43, he achieved the state of Kevala Janan and began teaching the philosophy of Jainism. This is one more reason to engage in Diwali celebrations for pious Jains.
The Pope’s Diwali Speech- In 1999, Pope John II performed a special Eucharist in an Indian Church where the altar was decorated with Diwali lamps, the Pope had a tilak marked on his forehead and his speech bristled with reference to the festival of lights.
After reading the above context, we think that everyone finds the answer of question, why Diwali is celebrated. Hope you enjoy this article. Happy Diwali
Disclaimer: The information contained in the above article are solely for informational purpose after exercising due care.
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